Uzgen. Located 54 km from the city of Osh, on the right bank of the Kara (Syr Darya basin). Uzgen located between the major cities of Osh and Jalal-Abad region of southern Kyrgyzstan. Uzgen is one of the oldest cities in Kyrgyzstan, with more than two millennia. Emerged in the II-I centuries. BC as a trading center on the way from the Fergana Valley to Kashgar. Despite the presence of two rivers near the Kara-Darya and Iasi, in the critical situation of drinking water for many years. In the Middle Ages the city was an important center on the trade route from Central Asia to Kashgar. In the XII century. was the second capital of Karakhanids. Its monuments are a unique historical and cultural heritage. There is a 44 m high minaret, built in the early 12th century, when the city was the capital of the dynasty Karakhanids. Nearby is a mosque and madrasah, as well as a mausoleum. In the mausoleum are buried representatives Karakhanid dynasty. The town has the remains of fortresses, shrines, and burial of the saints and famous people ages 12/11, and other archaeological sites. Well preserved 19th-century mosque. All these buildings have been restored with the help of international organizations. Near the town of Uzgen in the resort of "Kara-Shoro" and tourist center of "Salam-Alik", which are tourist areas and in which every citizen rest of the Kyrgyz Republic, foreign visitors and residents of Uzgen. Residents and tourists spend their summer vacation on the slopes of the mountains and enjoy the healing water from a natural source of "Kara-Shoro."
MAUSOLEUM OF KARAHANIDS
X1-XII centuries. Three different time adjacent to each other build single-chamber form a single architectural complex of the memorial. All of them are domed, octagonal cupola with arched sails system. The central building (the beginning of XI century.), The most significant in size - it ziarathana eventually transformed into a mausoleum. The composition of its centric, with three openings on the axes, with two decorative façade. Their decor - curved brick masonry and items of carved giriha gunch; places in the interior stucco is applied carving. In 1153 the northern facade built a "Shrine of Ali-Qarakhanids Kilic (or Jalil al-Din al-Hussein) portal-dome type. On its side facade constructed three arched niches on the main facade portal focused all rich decor: fancy calculations and complex patterned insert brick, carved terra cotta, carved Ganj. In the ornamentation of decorative geometric neighbors, stylized floral motifs and epigraphic. SOUTH Mausoleum (1186 / 87 was) had a similar portal-cupola composition. It saturates the portal even more lavish decoration, is dominated by the lining of terra cotta blocks and slabs, covered trehplanovoy, complex nouzornoy thread that combines shredded girihi, intricate floral design and lettering.
XI century. On the octagonal pedestal (where entry is arranged in a spiral staircase inside) rises round, with thinning up the minaret tower (the upper part it has not survived). The minaret is divided by wide and narrow belts of ornamental brickwork variety of patterns.