In XIV-XV centuries. residence of Turko-Mongol rulers. From this time surrounded by a preserved ramparts yurodische on a natural hill. In XV-XVII centuries. Here the term complex of religious buildings, but the city is gradually declining. At the time of the Emirate of Bukhara in it was the seat of the Hissar Bek.



Hissar fortress. Darwaza (the gates), XVI1I/XIX in. Located at the foot of the Hissar fortress. The ramp leads to the arched entry, flanked by powerful corner round towers with loopholes. Behind them are the guard room, covered with domes on the mesh sails. The gates were constructed of brick on stone plinth. The slope of the hill on which the fortress itself, which once was processed in the form of terraces, lined with bricks. Now the terrace and stairs on each side, which led to the gate, were destroyed. Their appearance, structural features of the gate Hissar fortress like most gates of Bukhara XVIII-XIX centuries.



Makhdoom-Azam Mausoleum. XV / XVI century. Originally the monument consisted of a small, square and more substantial gurkhan ziarathany. Later in the south hall was built as cross-shaped in plan, covered by a monumental dome portal entrance. Thus, had the building of strong architectural forms, but devoid of any decoration. Makhdumi Azam translated as "The greatest lord" and is not named, but rather a title or nickname. Not without interest that in Central Asia, there are several complexes with the same name, which bind to different, really existed, people, government or religious figures. Who exactly is buried in the mausoleum, Hissar, yet to be established researchers, although at this point there are already several versions and assumptions.



Madrasah IKUHNA. XV1/XVII in. The vast courtyard surrounded by bungalows hudjras. The main facade of the madrasa with the portal entrance and massive corner towers, the right wing of his towering heavyweight domed mosque volume.



XVII / XVIII century. Only a portion of the building to the lobby madrassas, mosques and darshanoy on the first floor and second hudjras. The main facade has a portal, corner tower and arched loggia on the second floor.



Dome mosque XII-XVI centuries Sangin, which means "stone." Name of the mosque due to the fact that its walls to half its height made ​​of stone. A unique feature of this structure is the presence of four resonators at under-dome structures in the form of ceramic pots without bottoms, imbedded in the thick masonry. The resonators are designed to improve the acoustic qualities of interior spaces, where prayers were conducted and the sermon.