Dushanbe - the capital of Tajikistan, situated in the picturesque and fertile Hissar valley, at an altitude of 750-930 meters above sea level. The first written sources mentioning of Dushanbe, refer to the beginning of the XVII century (in the city many archeological monuments of Greco-Bactrian preioda II,. BC. E., Traces of medieval settlements VI-VIII cc., Etc.), appeared at the Dushanbe place a small settlement at the crossroads, where on Monday organized major market, hence the name of the city ("Dushanbe" in Tajik - Monday). In 1920 he fled from the Bolsheviks, the last emir of Bukhara, was founded in Dushanbe his residence, but was soon expelled by the advancing Red Army. At the end of 1921 the city was taken Basmachi troops under the command of Envara Pasha, but the July 14, 1922 again came under the power of the Bolsheviks and was proclaimed the capital of the Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, which in 1929 was transformed into the Tajik SSR. In fact, Dushanbe was formed in 1924 by the merger of three villages: Sariosiyo, Shohmansur and Dushanbe. Until 1929 the town was officially called in Russian Dyushambe, in the period from 1929 to 1961, was named Stalinabad in honor of Joseph Stalin.